Nov 18
The National Gallery in Prague presents a retrospective of artist Gerhard Richter - 2 PDF Печат Е-поща
Автор: artnovini.com   
Неделя, 16 Юли 2017г. 19:29ч.

Gerhard Richter, ‘Gudrun’ (1987) - exhibition view. Photo: © artnovini.com

GERHARD RICHTER - BIOgraphy

1932
Gerhard Richter
is born in Dresden. His mother Hildegard was a bookseller and his father Horst a secondary-school teacher. During Richter’s childhood, the family moved to Reichenau (now Bogatynia, Poland) and, after the outbreak of World War II (1939-1945) to Waltersdorf, a village near the Czech border in Upper Lusatia.

1939
His father Horst was drafted into the army and after being posted to the Western Front, was captured by the Allied armies and held in a U.S. POW camp until the end of the war. Richter’s uncle Rudi was killed in the war in 1944; his portrait would later become the theme of Uncle Rudi, a painting Richter made in 1965.

1945
Richter’s aunt Marianne, who suffered from schizophrenia, was murdered within the framework of the Nazi eugenics programme. In 1965, Richter painted Aunt Marianne, based on a joint portrait.

1946 - 1948
Studies at the Higher Professional School in Zittau, where he received an education in stenography. During his school years, Richter created his first piece of art - a copy of a nude, made from a book picture, and works for a sign painter.

Gerhard Richter, ‘White’ (2006). Photo: © artnovini.com1950
Works as an assistant stage-set painter in the Zittau municipal theatre and as a sign painter. Decides to become a professional painter and submits an application (without success) to the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts.

1951
After another attempt, is accepted to the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts, where he studies painting and mural painting. Moves to Dresden.

1956
Graduates from the Academy of Fine Arts and completes his second mural painting, called Joy of Life for the German Hygiene Museum in Dresden, executed in the tradition of Socialist Realism. Continues at the Academy as a teacher.

1957
Marries Marianne Ema Eufinger.

1959
Visits the documenta 2 art show in Kassel, where he sees the work of Jackson Pollock and Lucio Fontana (1899-1968) for the first time.

Abstract… Photo: © artnovini.com1961
In March, travels to the Soviet Union. On his way back, puts his luggage into storage in West Germany and returns to Dresden to pick up Ema. The following morning, they travel to East Berlin, from where they take the train back to the Western Sector. After eight days in a refugee camp, they move on to Oldenburg, where Ema’s parents live and afterwards to Düsseldorf. Richter is accepted to the art academy in Düsselfdorf, where, during his studies, he becomes acquainted with Konrad ‘Lueg’ Fischer (1939-1996), Sigmar Polke (1941-2010) and Blinky Palermo (1943-1977).

1962
Paints Table, which initiates his own catalogue raisonné.

1964
First solo exhibitions
in Munich, Düsseldorf and Berlin.

1966
Paints his first Colour Charts series and the portrait Ema (Nude on a Staircase) - Richter’s first piece painted from a colour photograph. In December, his daughter Babette (Betty) is born.

1967
An exhibition is held at Galerie René Block in Berlin, devoted to the victims of the Nazi annihilation of the population of Lidice, called Hommage à Lidice. Richter takes part in the exhibition with Uncle Rudi, a painting he later donated to Lidice. That same year, he begins to use glass in his art and makes 4 Panes of Glass.

Gerhard Richter, ‘Uranium’ (2), 1989. Photo: © artnovini.com1968
Creates abstract and figurative works, and begins landscape paintings and the Townscapes series. Starts working on Atlas - a huge collection of documentary photographs and sketches.

1971
Appointed professor at the Düsseldorf Arts Academy.

1972
Represents Germany at the 36th Venice Biennale and, for the first time, exhibits a series of portrait paintings under the title 48 Portraits. The Colour Charts series is presented at the documenta 5 art show in Kassel.

1973
His first solo exhibition in the United States hosted at the Reinhard Onnasch Gallery in New York.

‘Gerhard Richter’ - exhibition view. Photo: © artnovini.com1977
Exhibits at documenta 6 and paints the portrait of his daughter Betty. Meets the sculptress Isa Genzken and later marries her. On October 18, 1977, three key leaders of the Red Army Faction are found dead in the Stuttgart prison. In 1988, Richter produced a series of paintings devoted to this event, based on photographs from the press and police investigations.

1978
Richter
is a visiting professor at the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design in Halifax, Canada.

1981
In Kassel, is awarded the Arnold Bode Prize, produces the first piece for Mirror, a series of mirrors, which is presented at a two-person show with Georg Baselitz (1938) in the Kunsthalle Düsseldorf.

1982
Marries Isa Genzken. Participates in documenta 7, paints the Candles series, and Skulls the following year.

1983
Late that year, moves from Düsseldorf to Cologne, where he still lives and works today.

Gerhard Richter, ‘Arena’ (1995). Photo: © artnovini.com1985
In Vienna, receives the Oskar Kokoschka Prize, one of the most outstanding Austrian awards for artists producing contemporary art.

1986
The first retrospective of Richter’s work takes place in Düsseldorf under the title Gerhard Richter: Paintings 1962-1985. The exhibition travels to Berlin, Bern and Vienna.

1987
On the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter: Works on Paper 1983-1986 on view in Amsterdam, he publishes his notes on his artwork for the first time.

1988
Creates the 18 October 1977 series and the second portrait of his daughter Betty. Becomes a visiting professor at the Frankfurt art school.

1991
The first British retrospective is held at the Tate Gallery in London.

Gerhard Richter, ‘Skull’ (1983). Photo: © artnovini.com1992
Meets Sabine Moritz and marries her three years later.

1993
Creates I.G., a series of portrait paintings of Isa Genzken. The first comprehensive book of Richter’s letters and texts is published under the title Gerhard Richter: Text, edited by Hans Ulrich Obrist.

1994
Finishes his teaching career at the Düsseldorf Arts Academy.

1995
Marries Sabine Moritz, with whom he has three children: Moritz (1995), Ella Maria (1996) and Theodor (2006).

1999
His painting Black, Red, Gold is installed in the Reichstag building in commemoration of the German reunification.

Gerhard Richter, ‘Toilet Paper’ (1965). Photo: © artnovini.com2002
Curator Robert Storr holds an important retrospective of Richter’s art, entitled Forty Years of Painting, at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

2005
The Gerhard Richter Archive
, headed by Dietmar Elger, is established in Dresden. In reaction to the terrorist attacks on New York on September 11, 2001, Richter creates September. That same day he was flying to New York and the plane was rerouted to Halifax.

2006
Makes a series of abstract paintings called Cage that he produced as he was listening to music by the American composer John Cage (1912-1992).

2007
Richter’s design of a glass window is realized in the Cologne cathedral, which reflects motifs from Colour Charts. Paints a portrait of his second daughter Ella.

2008
For the fifth time in a row, the German business journal Manager Magazin lists Richter the most influential living artist in the Kunstkompass ranking system.

2011
Produces Strips, a series of digitally processed paintings. A retrospective exhibition entitled Panorama opens at Tate Modern in London to mark the artist’s 80th birthday, which is later shown in Berlin and Paris.

‘Gerhard Richter’ - exhibition view. Photo: © artnovini.com2014
Richter
, with the help of four photographs taken from Auschwitz concentration camp, which was taken up by an inmate, is looking for a third time to find the right way to deal with the theme Holocaust. The original pictures, created according to the photos, are painted over abstractly; The final shape of the Birkenau cycle is produced over several months.

2015
A two-man show of Gerhard Richter and the Estonian music composer Arvo Pärt is presented at the Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester.

2016
Works on several series of new Abstract Paintings, including the series no. 944.

2017
On February 9
, the day of Richter’s 85th birthday, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne opens an exhibition of his latest abstract paintings created in 2016 that are accompanied by numerous works from the museum’s holdings. From May, the next venue is a Dresden, the artist’s native city.

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Последна промяна от Неделя, 16 Юли 2017г. 20:07ч.